Today’s post is just an overview. While I was busy with orders, I have collected a few beautiful outfits for my kids. Here they are my dolls. Nevertheless, I want to tell you about the material from which they are made. They are made of celluloid.
Celluloid – one of the first synthetic plastics ever created by man, and that in itself is remarkable.
He has another name, common among the fans and collectors. It is called Hard plastic. When celluloid was invented and gained popularity, and it was in the 1870s, almost all the dolls were breakable and fragile – bisque, papier-mache and wax, all these materials were easily breakable. It is therefore not surprising that the doll companies have started to experiment with celluloid rather quickly after its occurrence. By the early 1900 s celluloid dolls were already numerous, as celluloid is easily molded and inexpensive to manufacture. This plastic created on the basis of wood products that includes cellulose nitrate and camphor. First established in 1863, it has become a popular material for the manufacture of such items as decorations and dolls. The main period of production falls.
This plastic created on the basis of wood products that includes cellulose nitrate and camphor. First established in 1863, it has become a popular material for the manufacture of such items as decorations and dolls. The main period of production falls in the 1870-1930 years. Celluloid, however, was not the perfect plastic, since it was flammable and easily spoiled when exposed to moisture and were prone to cracking and yellowing.Doll celluloid very diverse: the size can vary from 3-5 cm to meters for large Japanese celluloid baby dolls. However, the majority of dolls are usually not too large because of the lightness and fragility of the plastic. And because of their small size, they have become so popular among fans of Dollhouse.
Hundreds of different companies have produced celluloid dolls in different countries – in Germany, France, Italy, Japan, USA and others. Germany began to produce them before anyone else, followed by USA and Japan. Well-known company for the production of celluloid dolls includes Rheinische Gummi und Celluloid Fabrik Co. (Germany, the sign of the turtle), Petitcolin (France) and Irwin (USA). This the puppet company you see in the photo, made in Germany, and is marked ES.
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